Address：No.1,Lane 40,Wukang Road
Built in 1923 and designed by Dong Dayou, the building is a Spanish-style detached garden residence. The delicately decorated main entrance of the building, the combination of spiral column and composite column, and the shell, vortex and curling grass patterns on the arch door between the two columns combine the warmth of Spanish tradition with the gorgeousness of baroque art. The high-pitched roof has two dormers on both the south and north sides, and the chimneys are well preserved. Part of the south facade has an additional small house, with a structure of inner balconies on the first and second floors. The outer walls are open-timbered, and the small house also has a red-tile double-pitch roof, echoing the roof of the main body. In the central part of the south, there is a triple arched corridor, on which is a large balcony. The yellowish outer walls are covered with stucco, while door frames and window sills are decorated with pointed red bricks.
The building was famous because Tang Shaoyi, the first Prime Minister of the Republic of China, once lived here. Actually it had been the property of a bank before. It became the residence of Zhu Changnian (Tang Shaoyi’s son-in-law), the Republic of China’s envoy to Norway in 1933, and later became the residence of Tang Shaoyi.
Tang Shaoyi (1862~1938), with a courtesy name of Shaochuan, was born in Tangjia Village, Tangjia Town, Zhuhai City, Guangdong Province on January 2, 1862. He was a famous political activist and diplomat at the end of the Qing Dynasty and the beginning of the Republic of China, and served as Prime Minister Agent of the Qing Government, the first President of Shandong University, the first Prime Minister of the Republic of China, President of Beiyang University (now Tianjin University), etc. After the fall of Shanghai, he kept dubious relationships with various parties, thus causing many speculations and putting himself in danger. Hearing that the Japanese planned to organize a puppet Central China Government with Tang Shaoyi and others, Dai Li, under the order from Chiang Kai-shek, assigned a special agent named Zhao Lijun to assassinate Tang in this building on September 30, 1938.
Wang Yiping, once Secretary of the CPC Shanghai Municipal Committee, Deputy Mayor of Shanghai, and Chairman of the Shanghai Municipal Committee of the CPPCC, also lived in this building.
On September 23, 1999, the site was announced by Shanghai Municipal People’s Government as a Heritage Architecture in Shanghai.