- Detail Info
No.79 Fenyang Road, built in 1905, cover a floor area of 5,862 sq m and a building area of 1,496 sq m. It is a garden residence of the French Renaissance style.
The building emphasizes horizontal lines and adopts classical columns. The facade is rigorously proportional and symmetrical, and the decorations are splendid. The open-air large stone stairs on the left and right sides lead to the lobby on the second floor. Many detailed decorations on balcony railings and other places are of the Art Nouveau style, a new style popular in Europe at late 19th century and early 20th century. As the color and appearance of the building resemble the White House, it is called the “Little White House at Sea”.
The building was originally the mansion of General Director of the Municipal Board of Directors in Shanghai French Concession. After the Anti-Japanese War ended in 1945, it became the first office building of the United Nations’ World Health Organization in the Asia-Pacific region. Shortly after the founding of the People’s Republic of China in 1949, Shanghai Branch of Sino-Soviet Friendship Association settled here. In May 1963, Shanghai Institute of Arts and Crafts settled here. At the beginning of the Cultural Revolution, Shanghai Institute of Arts and Crafts was expelled, and the mansion was occupied by Lin Liguo, the son of Lin Biao. In 1972, Shanghai Institute of Arts and Crafts returned. Former US President Ronald Reagan, former British Prime Minister Heath, boxer Ali, Egyptian President’s wife and others all visited here. The building is also a ready-made film and television shooting base. Some scenes of film and television works such as From Victory To Victory, Big Thunderstorm, The Soong Sisters, Ten Brothers and Nie Er were set here.
In 2001, Shanghai Institute of Arts and Crafts rehabilitated the building and established Shanghai Museum of Arts and Crafts, which is a distinctive industry museum in Shanghai.
On September 25, 1989, the site was announced by Shanghai Municipal People’s Government as a Historical and Cultural Heritage Protected at the Municipal Level.